Garrett Carr: Map of connections

'The Map of Connections 2.0 & The Map of Encounters'. Garrett Carr.
Maps, walks, photographs.10 - 25 October 2008
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Opening hours: Tues-Sat, 1-5pm/ extended openings:14-15-16: 1-9pm/ Sat18Oct: 10am-6pm. See ARTMAP
This project documents the artist/ geographer's undertaking to map the border between the North and the South of Ireland in a very different way; objective in its methods but poetic and individualistic in its observations.
During his many walks, Garrett Carr drew a map of unofficial border crossings, not found on any other map, took photographs and noted down his encounters.
In his introduction he writes: ”I am making Post-Nationalist maps of Ulster’s Border region. This means exploring the border mile by mile then returning to the studio to produce maps of what I have found there… Cartography can belong to us just like literature, painting or photography. It can be claimed by individuals. We can be mapmakers using this powerful tool to express what is important to us. That is what I am doing here. My maps will re-think border signs and replace them with responsive and progressive symbols.”
A multidisciplinary approach of a single person, equipped with GPS and poetic imagination, as much tales from a border as exact new details. 
The 'Map of Connections' represents the border as a meeting place as much as a division, and reveals traces of human movement found on the ground.

For more information see project blog www.newmapsofulster.net

Garrett Carr: Map of connections

Equipment: Compass; Bicycle; GPS devise; Tent; Field Guides; Journey Route: 7,12, 17,18,26, 27, 28, 19, 29; Camera; Cavan HQ; Folding Cutlery; Boots; Reading Matter.

Garrett Carr: Why Remap the Border?
My work questions the traditional represen­tation of borders as lines. I seek to replace borderlines with other symbols that are as accurate but different and progressive.

The urge of a people to self-present, to self determine, leads to the rise of new na­tionalisms, then counter-nationalism, and on and on. For example, recently Georgia broke from Russia, drawing a new border, then South Ossetia broke from it, also seeking to demark a representative terri­tory. Borderlines are nationalism repre­sentation on maps. For my work, looking at new ways to cartographically describe borders, I did not need to travel as far as the Eastern Block. Ireland followed the same pattern. A successful nationalist movement made the Irish Sea a border. This turn created a counter-nationalism; Unionism and another Border was drawn. But no matter how far a land is subdivided someone invariably is overwritten by the process. The citizens of Free Derry once painted a white line around their territory. It ran across streets and along alleyways and for a time actually created an autono­mous zone. The police and army did not cross it. This border was never found on official maps of course, that was the very reason they painted it themselves. Suppose Free Derry had been officially recognized and mapped and then dissenters arose in­side this new state? Further subdivisions might have been called for. Then more. Eventually the map might have been cut back down to the basic building block of nationalism, the family home. Even there, behind closed doors, might be found diver­gent tendencies, spite loyalties.

Garrett Carr: Map of connections

To develop a new mode of mapping the Irish Border I had to see it. Loss of contact with the ground was “the primary sin of the colonist,” as Paul Carter has writ­ten. So, I am travelling every mile of the Border, by foot and bicycle, and only map what I see with my own eyes. Back in the studio my maps are developed with the same hardware and software as used by the Ordnance Survey. Appropriating the tools of official cartography is practical but also fitting. We would not place much impor­tance on state-produced literature or film, yet state cartographies are accepted almost completely. I believe cartography too can be claimed and conducted by independent practitioners. I am currently making three maps; The Map of Watchful Architecture, The Map of Connections, and The Map of Encounters.

The Map of Encounters is an attempt to take the borderline and widen it into a space of possibility, a place where things happen. The German poet Christian Morgenstern described an architect with similar ambi­tion about one hundred years ago.

One time there was a picket fence with space to gaze from hence to thence. / An architect who saw this site approached it suddenly one night, / removed the spaces from the fence / and built from them a residence / the senate had to in­tervene / The architect, however, flew to Afri- or Americoo.

The architect took a boundary and con­verted it into a space. He is disruptive and a delinquent, forced in the end to leave the country, but I believe he was performing an essential duty. I tour the Border, carving the new land charted by the Map of En­counters. This map is an attempt to show the Border as a space to be in, not just a place to pass through.

When plotting connections for The Map of Connections a new graphic description of border seemed to open up. Here we have the Border turned into a series of perpen­dicular dashes, widening it into a zone of meeting. The connection lines seem to serve as stitches, binding rather than dividing. It is of course porous and open, again reflecting the actual condition of the Border as I found it on the ground. Per­haps the central principal in the creation of The Map of Connections and The Map of Encounters was to see everything with my own eyes, and with eyes wide-open, as if seeing everything for first time.

Garrett Carr: Map of connections

From the Map of Encounters:
The apple Tree at the end of the border
I have just walked what might be called the beginning or the end of the Border (I travel non-sequential sections). This is the winding way from Jonesborough to Carlingford Lough. Much of Ireland’s border has been pinned to rivers so I am often walking riverbanks. Cows, perhaps related but valued in different currencies, look at each other across narrow waters.
The dusty-purple fruit of the blackthorn are plentiful. Blackthorns are the bricks and mortar of hedgerows in this part of the country. Their berries can be fermented into Sloe Gin but they are not suited to the immediate needs of the walker. For me to eat are the blackberries. Their thorny shoots emerge from the hedgerows and arc downward as if for my convenience. I throw blackberries in my mouth as I walk. Try to forget the familiarity of these plants and look at them afresh. Then perhaps a clump of Ulster brambles could suggest as much exotic generosity as a coconut palm or an orange tree.

Garrett Carr: apple tree
apple tree

The land border ends at Carlingford Lough and there, rooted right in the border itself, is an apple tree. (Location; Ele 13m IJ 11754 ITH 19475, Irish Grid) It is squeezed into the last few feet of soil, before the border dips into saltwater. This is a real find. Apple trees growing wild are unusual enough but at this location the tree is startling and resonant.
A fairytale kind of landmark, I almost do not want to tell you about it.
The tree’s limbs loll invitingly, asking to be relieved of their burden of fruit.
I go to their aid.


The mobile Library
Thank you to Ken, the mobile librarian who brought me on his Border run. I was just after a freezing night in my tent on the Donegal Border (location; G64999 H07775, Irish Grid). It was my very first survey walk, from Pettigo to Lough Awaddy. I was ready to go home and down on the main road I was looking for a lift to Enniskillen. A lift in a mobile library was a first for me and I spent the day with Ken the end. We stopped at a couple of schools where I played library assistant. I was interested to hear about the mobile librarian’s cross-border initiatives. I hope I’ll bump into Ken again in future Border travels.

 Quinns Quarry
“It’s an ugly place, all the trees are covered in grey dust.” These are the words of a Fermanagh woman I meet. She is speaking about the territory of the Mighty Quinn, local business living-legend. “But,” she adds, “I have to admit, he has half the county employed.”

Garrett Carr: Quinns Quarry
Quinns quarry

Follow the road south to Ballyconnell and you pass through his empire. Vast sheds contain a family of industries. Quinn Radiators, Quinn Packaging, Quinn Cement, Quinn This, Quinn That ... My car happens to be covered by Quinn insurance. Leave it parked near his works and, sure enough, it will soon be covered in Quinn dust. Between the smoking and churning factories the Border pushes through and on up Slieve Rushen. For Quinn does not just have half of Fermanagh employed but half of Cavan too. His empire is both sides of the Border. I walk up a Border-hugging lane, the tallest stacks of the Quinn cement factory always in view. The lane turns and so to stick to the Border I go off-lane through the trees. I come across ruined cottages, not an unusual sight anywhere in Ireland but here somehow strange with the massive machines rumbling nearby. Pushing on I begin to hear a regular beep-beep from somewhere up ahead. It is the warning sound produced by a truck in reverse. Where can it be coming from? I am half way up a steep mountain and there is no road near according to my map.
I push through more undergrowth and a suddenly a great hole in the world opens up beneath me. Quinn’s quarry.
From: Garrett Carr
project blog www.newmapsofulster.net.

Garrett Carr: Map of connections

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